To this end, the Middle East will require additional power capacity of 267 gigawatts (GW) by 2030. This will take the region’s capacity to 509 GW, from 307 GW today, resulting in an increase of 66 percent. The next 15 years will also see 66 GW of capacity retired.
By 2030, highly efficient combined-cycle power plants (CCPPs) will dominate the market, as their share of thermal power generation reaches 65 percent. This trend will be underpinned by the growing importance of natural gas as the No. 1 source of fuel for power generation. Demand for gas is expected to grow by 4.3 percent annually until 2030. CCPPs can increase fuel efficiency in power plants by around 50 percent. Besides building new power plants, the region has a 45 GW potential for efficiency improvements by upgrading facilities which are older than 30 years.
“The Middle East’s growing population increasingly requires reliable and efficient power supply. While the share of renewables in the region’s energy mix is set to increase, we also see natural gas as the main source of power generation by 2030, with energy efficient combined-cycle power plants leading in new capacity additions,” said Dietmar Siersdorfer, CEO of Siemens Middle East and UAE. “We also see digitalization as an essential part of the future energy landscape, harnessing value out of data, improving productivity and creating new business opportunities.”
By 2020, the amount of data globally is expected to reach 44 zettabytes – equivalent to 5 million laptops worth of data added every day- representing a ten-fold increase from 2013, according to the International Data Corporation. As the number of devices in power grids grows, complexity and data increase. This requires better interconnectivity and flexibility to integrate new technologies and secure assets from cyber attacks. Companies can use digitalization to protect valuable assets, reduce cost, improve optimization and flexibility, and boost operational efficiency.
The Middle East will also see a growing mix between centralized and distributed power systems, while energy storage will gain importance as the share of renewables – solar and wind – increases and requires better integration into the grid. The growing role of renewables in the Middle East is in line with regional countries’ emissions reduction targets and climate change action plans. Power generation from solar is gaining momentum, with around 16 GW of capacity additions expected by 2030.
In the United Arab Emirates, holder of about 6 percent of global oil reserves, the growth in power demand is among the highest in the region. By 2030, the country’s installed power generation capacity is expected to reach 60 GW, comprising of 44 GW from CCPPs, and the remaining 20 GW from simple-cycle power plants, renewables, nuclear and other.
Siemens has been a long-term technology partner to the region. In the UAE, Siemens turbines account for 40 percent of the country’s power generation capacity. In Dubai, the company has been supplying the emirate with power solutions since 1992, including technology for the protection and automation of its power infrastructure for the digital age. In neighboring Qatar, Siemens’ solutions are responsible for transmitting and distributing over 60 percent of power generated in the country. The company is also building a total of three natural gas-fired CCPPs with a total capacity of 14.4 GW in Egypt. The power plants will increase current generation capacity by up to one third by 2020.
Note to journalists:
The Middle East region for the purpose of this outlook comprises Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Yemen.